The Triangle Dalinià, following the genius footsteps using the electric car
This route is designed to be done by electric vehicle, although it can be done with any other car. Along the route we will suggest municipalities that have charging points and places of interest to visit while we charge batteries.
Electric cars are a good way to decarbonise road transport These vehicles do not emit greenhouse gases and do not need fossil fuels to run, which which makes them a viable option to help reduce our CO₂ footprint.The constant improvement in the technology of these cars makes them increasingly efficient and ecological.
Consult also the recommendations when traveling by electric car.
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Genius. This is the first thought that comes to mind when we hear the name of Salvador Dalí (1904-1989). Talented and unique, the figure of the Marquis of Púbol, the main representative of surrealism, goes far beyond that of a mythical painter.
Writer, thinker, publicist, sculptor, actor, illustrator, designer or director... an endless list of jobs that, in short, make him a multifaceted artist who has left his mark on the history of world art and has made him a Universal Catalan.
Irreverence. It would be a second characteristic that could assail our thoughts when remembering his figure. His rebellious and nonconformist character, together with his public and private eccentricities, make Salvador Dalí a unique and unrepeatable figure.
Josep Pla, a writer and journalist also from Empordà, put the magnifying glass on the narcissistic character of the Marquis of Púbol and described him this way in his series “Homenots”:
“ We find ourselves facing an unbridled exaltation of personalism, a lack of indecent stench, the final occurrence of the crisis of the sense of ridicule. A work saturated with an overflowing imagination, often hilarious. A pulsating magma of life, a mixture of perversity and childishness, of outburst and infallible caution. An extraordinary mental freedom. The famous mustache is an object that can be hung and taken down at will. Dalí would like to liven up the world, break the crust of grey, of mediocrity, that surrounds him, turn people into irreducible, insoluble beings, impossible to exchange.”
The persistence of memory (1931), the great Masturbator (1929), the Dream (1937), the temptations of Saint Anthony (1947), Swans reflecting elephants (1937) or Soft construction with boiled beans (1936) are the titles of some of his most outstanding works. As soon as you see them, a kind of inner glow is awakened when admiring the work of a master.
"The true painter is he who is capable of painting extraordinary scenes in the middle of an empty desert. The true painter is he who is capable of patiently painting a pear surrounded by the tumults of history," Dalí said at the time.
And that's what he achieved. Together with his wife and muse, Gala Dalí (1894-1982), a key figure throughout his career, the painter born in Figueres became one of the most prolific artists of the 20th century. He painted more than 1,500 paintings and created his own visual language to represent his tumultuous inner character.
On this route through the Empordà aboard a sustainable vehicle, we will discover the life of Dalí, an eternal master who has left an indelible mark on this territory.
The painter stated the following about the Empordà:
"In this privileged place the real and the sublime almost touch. My mystical paradise begins on the Empordà plain, is surrounded by the Alberes hills and finds its fulfillment in the bay of Cadaqués. This country is my permanent inspiration. "
The so-called Dalinian Triangle will take us from Figueres to La Pera, passing through Portlligat and Cadaqués, a territory that bears Dalí's mark and that will show us the influence that this land had on the inspiration of the genius.
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Figueres: the surreal object of the world
The starting point of the route could not be other than the city of Figueres, the place where Salvador Dalí was born and died. The capital of Alt Empordà is located in the center of the Empordà plain, in the northeastern corner of Catalonia. Figueres has an area of 19.3 kilometers and a population of 47,088 inhabitants (2022).
Our Dalí route starts at the Dalí Figueres Theatre-Museum. The space, inaugurated in 1974, forms part of the Empordà Dalinian Triangle together with the Gala Dalí Castle in Púbol and the Salvador Dalí House-Museum in Portlligat, all of which are managed by the Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation.
The Dalí Theater-Museum in Figueres was built on the ruins of the old municipal theater of the city, destroyed during the Civil War, and is located at Plaza Gala y Salvador Dalí, number 5. The reason for its location has three important points according to Dali. First, because the artist was an eminently theatrical painter, second, because the theater was opposite the church where he was baptized, and third, because it was in the foyer of that theater where Dalí exhibited his first painting.
Thus, it was Salvador Dalí himself who invented, created and designed the space with the aim of showing the works that make up his artistic career, from his first experiences to the surrealist creations of the last years of his life.
The surreal object of the world. And just by seeing it from the outside it is clear that the experience will be enchanting. The glass dome in the center of the museum is a symbol of identity for the capital of Alt Empordà.
The Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation offers us a free or guided visit to the Dalí Theater-Museum in Figueres and also to the Dalí-Jewelry space, a display of the collection of gold and precious stone jewelery that the artist designed between 1941 and 1970., accompanied by more than twenty drawings and paintings of his designs.
Inside the building, which is made up of 22 rooms and a central courtyard decorated with Dalí elements, we can find an artistic journey from the painter's beginnings, with works such as La Venus que sonríe or Port Alguer, in the explosion of surrealism with works emblematic such as the Specter of sex appeal, Atomic Leda, The Bread Basket or Galatea of the Spheres.
It is also worth noting a set of works that Dalí created designed for his Museum, such as the Mae West room, the Palau del Vent room, the rainy Cadillac or the painting Gala nude looking at the sea that shows the figure of President Lincoln at 18 meters.
Finally, the museum also exhibits works by other important artists such as Antoni Pitxot or Evarist Vallès, along with Dalí's private collection that includes pieces by El Greco, Fortuny, Urgell, Meissonier, Duchamp, Dou and Bourguereau.
40 KM (Cadaqués - Casa Museu Salvador Dalí a Portlligat)
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Port de la Selva (31.4 km away)
And meanwhile: with the car connected and recharging energy in Port de la Selva, the Monastery of Sant Pere de Rodes is an ideal place to visit. Although it is located about 7 kilometers from the town center, we can put on our shoes and prepare to walk for about an hour and discover one of the most sophisticated testimonies of Catalan Romanesque architecture. If we do not want to walk, we can also access the Monastery by car or public transport.
Roses (21.9 km away)
And meanwhile: the tourist, sports, gastronomic and commercial offer of the city of Roses is enormous. Therefore, while we load our vehicle, we recommend taking a walk and admiring one of the most beautiful bays in the world. Sit on a terrace and enjoy this town with a Mediterranean essence and marked seafaring tradition. For the most daring, the route on foot to the Puig de l'Àliga (463 meters) will take us to admire the bay of Roses from a spectacular perspective.
The House of Portlligat: a work of art framed in the landscape
Steeped in history, art and Dalí's work, our route continues along the N-260 and GI-614 highway towards Cadaqués, to arrive after approximately 50 minutes of travel at the second leg of the Dalí triangle: the Salvador Dalí House-Museum of Portlligat.
Portlligat is a population center in the municipality of Cadaqués ( Alt Empordà ), located on the coast of Cap de Creus. The beauty of its old town forms a historical complex protected as a cultural asset of national interest. Cadaqués has an area of 26.4 kilometers and a population of 2,889 (2022) inhabitants.
In the center of Portlligat, the areas of the bay and the island stand out for their natural beauty, a maritime paradise that inspired Dalí and that appear in some of his works, such as La madonna de Portlligat, Crucifixió or L'últim sopar.
The Salvador Dalí House-Museum in Portlligat has been visitable since 1997 and was created from the union of different fishermen's houses that Gala and Dalí were joining together over 40 years. Each room in the house has shapes, sizes and proportions that frame it with the landscape.
In his constant coming and going, this was the only fixed residence that Salvador Dalí had. He lived and worked there until 1982, when his wife Gala died and he moved to the Púbol castle, the last point of the Dalinian Triangle.
In the house, which is a labyrinth filled with objects and memories of the couple, we can discover the painter's workshop, his room, the garden and the pool, the oval room or a terrace overlooking the bay of Portlligat, among others.
The route begins in the Rebedor del Oso and is divided into three areas. The most intimate part of the artist's life was located on the ground floor. The Studio is where part of their work was developed and houses numerous objects related to artistic activity, and, finally, the outdoor spaces, with garden paths where Dalí and Gala lived a more public life.
61,9 KM (La Pera - Castell Museu Gala - Salvador Dalí a Púbol)
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San Pedro Pescador (36.1 km away)
And meanwhile: the charging stations in Sant Pere Pescador are located at Camping Aquarius, an establishment slightly away from the center of town. For this reason we recommend staying near the sea. Sant Pere Pescador offers us a virgin beach of fine sand forming shallow dunes. It is 6.3 kilometers long and if we get tired of walking and want to be more daring, we can practice windsurfing, kitesurfing, sailing, catamaran, kayaking, beach volleyball or paddle surf-sup.
L'Escala (45 km away)
And meanwhile: for those who do not like the sand on the beach, in L'Escala we will propose a cultural visit. Specifically, the Anchovy and Salt Museum. The salting of anchovies has made this charming village famous and that is why the museum shows us the history of fishing and salting blue fish, from the 16th century to the current events, and immerses us in a time, heritage and unique knowledge on the Catalan coast.
Púbol Castle: the jewel of Gala Dalí
The Dalinian Triangle forms an imaginary geometric figure on a map of Catalonia that links Figueres, Portlligat and Púbol. The last essential stop to understand the work and life of Salvador Dalí is the Castell de Púbol.
From the Portlligat house in the municipality of La Pera there are 61 kilometers along the GI-614 road towards Bisbal del Empordà. After just over an hour of travel, we arrived in the small town of Baix Empordà. La Pera is a municipality with an area of 11.5 kilometers and a population of 438 inhabitants (2022).
But the town of La Pera is better known for Púbol, a population entity in the lower Empordà municipality that has just over 150 inhabitants. From there you can see from every corner the immensity of Púbol Castle, a Gothic-Renaissance fortification that has its origins in the 11th century.
Salvador Dalí bought the castle from his wife, Gala, in 1969. There the muse could rest from the constant parties and meetings that the artist organized in Portlligat.
The site was owned by Gala Dalí until her death in 1982. Gala did not allow anyone to enter without invitation, even the genius was prohibited from entering.
Immensely hurt by the loss of his muse, Salvador Dalí moved there and established his residence and place of work.
The castle has a double interest, on the one hand, architectural, with a notable synthesis of Gothic and Renaissance elements, and on the other, artistic and historical, with the magical touch of Salvador Dalí.
It was he himself who coordinated the restoration of the building and personalized its interior, with spectacular decoration that turns the castle into a small surreal work of art. Visitors will be able to find pieces such as the sculptures of striding elephants in the garden, the Wagner busts that decorate the pool and the Gala mausoleum.
The Castle of Púbol lived a large part of the private life of the artist and his wife, for this reason, it is a significant place for Dalí's work.
This visit, then, closes the Dalinian Triangle, an essential route through the Empordà that leads us to explore the world of an irreverent genius who left an indelible mark on the Empordà, in Catalonia and throughout the world.
All spaces are managed by the Gala-Salvador Dalí foundation, a prior reservation must be made. All information can be found at https://www.salvador-dali.org.
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San Sadurní de la Hiedra (9.1 km away)
And in the meantime: as a curiosity, if you stop to load the vehicle in Cruïlles, Monells and Sant Sadurní de l'Heura, you can always explain that you have been in the municipality with the longest Catalan place name, 43 characters. Walking through Cruïlles is a highly recommended experience. This is a small town with a marked medieval character that preserves part of its wall and the Torre del Homenaje of the old Castle. From the top of the tower you can see the Monastery of San Miguel de Cruïlles with the Gavarres in the background and the Empordà plain to the sea.
Fornells de la Selva (28.6 km away)
And in the meantime: we suggest visiting the Can Pou Fountain and the Tet monolith. This funerary monument is very original and dates from 1854. Built with tiles with three rectangular bodies and crowned by another pyramidal cover, it honors the body of a dog and is the basis for the legend of the "Perro del Tet" which says that it went every day until the town with the carrycot, the shopping list and the money and bought the groceries for the house.
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