Guardiola de Berguedà
Altitude: 720 m
Berguedà Guardiola is a municipality located in the north of the Berguedà. It is bathed by the confluence of the rivers Llobregat and Bastareny and make an entourage of old territories and parishes.
In fact, there is evidence of Berguedà Guardiola documents ninth and tenth centuries, citing drill parishes, Gavarrós, Gréixer and Cerdanyola and even be aware of the existence of the castle and monastery Guardiola Sant Llorenç prop Baga. At first, the castle tower was a simple look that was growing into an area with houses, a church and a wall. Further confirmed its strategic importance in the area for its location in the narrow gorge of Collet. So, was the gateway to the valley cami ral drill. In regards to the monastery of Sant Llorenç prop Baga, also had a great importance in the area, but in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the crisis and the earthquakes were crumbling monastic buildings which contributed to the demise of the Abbey and spent to be a dependent priory of the monastery of Sant Pau del Camp.
Nevertheless, we must say that Berguedà Guardiola was predominantly rural population in the eighteenth century, at which time the area is industrialized and reopen old mills or a forge to build iron. In fact, in the nineteenth century opened an industrial colony within the municipality of Guardiola de Berguedà, the industrial colony known Pujol i Tomas. However, in the mines proliferate also serve to unite the area with Barcelona and with the station Clot del Moro.
Yet Berguedà Guardiola becomes an industrial township, mining and above commercial, which has been forced to reconvert, from mid twentieth century, in a core facing the natural and historic tourism.
Within the municipality of Guardiola de Berguedà find the hydroelectric and Collet cement factory, where today still works and is made ??part of the cement used in the Holy Family. Also located oil mine the "Francesos" Riutort of which, even today, gushing oil. And certainly we can not forget the large number of churches and chapels that are scattered in this county, most of them scattered in the territory and of which we highlight the chapel of Santa Eulalia de Cal Vilella, the church of Sant Martí de Broca, Sant Andreu de Gréixer or Sant Genis of Gavarrós.