The Civil War, exile and repression in Catalonia

The Civil War, exile and repression in Catalonia

The military coup d'état of July 17, 1936 gave way to three years of bloody civil war in Spain. Catalonia remains faithful to the Republic and, at the same time, lives a revolutionary process driven by anarchist militias. The Generalitat organizes the resistance and the war effort, and suffers the internal confrontations of the different mobilized political and union forces. During the same period, Catalonia receives the influx of thousands of refugees and displaced persons, considered one of the largest movements of people in times of armed conflict in the twentieth century.

The Catalan civilian population is hit by the penalties of the conflict: the rise in prices, hunger and bombing. Finally, on November 16, 1938 the defeat in the battle of the Ebro, marks the fate of the Republican side and represents the fall of Catalonia. The end of the war and the beginning of General Franco's military dictatorship, entails the suppression of Catalan autonomy, exile and a strong repression of the Catalan and leftist movements.

This bloody episode of the recent history of our country is remembered and remembered through hundreds of resources, exhibitions, museums, routes and interpretation centers that help recover the historical memory of the Civil War, exile and Franco's repression in Catalonia.

CIARGA route to Cal Bruna torrent

We propose a route through CIARGA and the Serral refuge, with a wine-growing landscape and the riverside forest.

Cassà de la Selva route under the bombs

On Sunday, January 29, 1939, at 1:30 p.m., five Savoia Marchetti SM-79 bombers from Italian fascist aviation and led by Captain Costa Egidio were bombing the town…

Tour of the Shelters of the Santa Eugènia de Berga Aerodrome

The Vilatorta Aerodrome is a prominent point with great historical and tourist importance for the Santa Eugenia de Berga region. The aerodrome was born in 1938…

Barcelona 1939. The dark night in Barcelona

The January 26, 1939 about 90,000 soldiers of Franco's army entered Barcelona and occupied the city, exhausted and defeated after three years of war, with the explicit…

Route through the republican airfield of Bordils

The Bordils Airfield is a visitable space built at the end of 1936, considered one of the most important military airfields of the Republican Army in Catalonia…

Route of the Peace: The Battle of the Ebro

Since 1981 is celebrated every September 21 the International Day of Peace proclaimed by the United Nations. This day marked calendars universally in all the world…

Seeking Freedom on the roads of the Pyrenees

With the route of this month from Femturisme we invite you to visit one of the paths followed by those Republicans who passed through the Pyrenees to flee to France…

Cerdanya roads of the bunkers Talló Martinet and Montellà

Amid the imposing Pyrenees step opens the Cerdanya, a singular plain between mountains. The region is one of the places with more favorable to cross the Pyrenees…

Route of the Sierra de Bellmunt Almenara

It is a circular route that crosses the Sierra de Bellmunt Almenara, signposted along its entire route with the sky blue color. Along the route we will find explanatory…

The Vesper La Gloriosa

The Penedès became, during the Civil War, in the center of operations of republican aviation, Gloriosa, as settled in this territory four airfields when…

Route along the PR C-93 Trail of Santa Eugènia de Berga

The PR C-93 trail, also known as the "Camino de Santa Eugènia de Berga", is a hiking trail located in the town of Santa Eugenia de Berga, in the Osona region.…

The exile in the Jonquera, the route of the republicans towards…

The Civil War, that lasted from 1936 to 1939, meant the confrontation between the supporters and the opposers to the democratic government of the Republic. The…

Hemingway in Tortosa

Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. Throughout his life he had different contacts with…

Ruta Salamina Soldiers

In 2001 the novel Soldiers of Salamis by Javier Cercas written was published. It is about different episodes of the Spanish Civil War who lived in the last days…

Berga during the Civil War

Berga like many other towns in the Central Catalonia were far from the front for a long time and, despite the formation of committees and militias, suffered no…

Masías and Refugees in the Ametlla del Vallès

This tour is a walk through the most important farmhouses and the history of agriculture in the Ametlla del Vallès, the economic activity that has transformed…

Isona: the reconstruction of a town between two fronts

One of the bloodiest episodes in the recent history of Catalonia has been the Spanish Civil War. Many Catalan towns were scenes and witnesses of confrontations…

The air raid shelters in Barcelona

Now that is so fashionable debate about historical memory in Spain, is a good time to remember the Civil War and its impact on Barcelona. From femturisme.cat we…

Deals and offers

The Order of the Temple in Miravet - Castillo Templero

THE EXPERIENCE   INCLUDES: Visit to a local Pottery with craft demonstration (optional).…

The silence of the Ebro - Battle of the Ebro Spaces

The experience includes: Guided tour of the Poble Vell de Corbera d'Ebre (audiovisual). Guided…

Horta, the spirituality of the ports and Picasso

The experience includes: Guided tour of the Villa de Horta de Sant Joan. Guided visit to the…

Discover the Battle of the Ebro

"Discover the Battle of the Ebro" Guided route through the epicenter of the most decisive…

Featured

Parc dels Búnquers de Martinet i Montellà

Montellà i Martinet

The memory space and Interpretation Center of the Park of the Bunkers…

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Memorial de l'Exèrcit popular

Pujalt

The Popular Army Memorial Pujalt invites you to know the history of…

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Refugi Antiaeri de Flix

Flix

Visit the Flix air raid shelter and discover its history during the…

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Centre d'interpretació de l'aviació republicana i guerra aèria

Santa Margarida i els Monjos

The CIARGA (Interpretation Center for Republican Aviation and the Air War) is…

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Centre d'Estudis de la Batalla de l'Ebre

Gandesa

The Center for Studies is a permanent exhibition of the Battle of…

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Marcats pel 38, La Batalla de l'Ebre

Corbera d'Ebre

Discover the stories that have been hidden in a drawer and that…

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Related events

Guided tour: 'The air raid shelter at La Garriga station'

09/03/2024

La Garriga

More than 100 meters of underground galleries drilled into the rock, witnessing the collective…

Itinerary Flavors in time of war at CIARGA

Santa Margarida i els Monjos

The experience begins in Subirats, where there will be a guided tour of the CIUDEB, a unique…

Olesa de Montserrat Historical Memory Days

Olesa de Montserrat

Olesa de Montserrat celebrates a new edition of the Historical Memory Days! The Historical…

Democratic Memory Days: "85 years of the Battle of the Ebro"

Benifallet

"As of April 19, 1938, the Ebro river became the war front line between the two opposing sides.…

Commemoration Events for the Anniversary of the Bombing of La…

La Garriga

The Spanish War has forever marked the history of our land. A war born of a fascist coup d'état,…

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